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This package provides a set of helpers to be sync with the url, search parameters, change it and react to it changes.


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npm i @reatom/url



Base primitive is urlAtom, it contains URL and by default initiates with a browser location.href (see Behavior for details).

You can call the urlAtom.go action with a root path to navigate programmatically.

Search parameters


There is also searchParamsAtom which derives from urlAtom and allow you to handle search params reactively. You could pick needed parameter by searchParamsAtom.lens method just by passed key or specify the type of the parameter by providing optional parse and serialize functions.

import { searchParamsAtom } from '@reatom/url'
export const filterAtom = searchParamsAtom.lens('filters')

In the code below filterAtom is a mutable atom which changes will be synced with the passed search parameter. If you want to setup the sync for some other atom, you could use withSearchParamsPersist decorator.

import { reatomNumber } from '@reatom/primitives'
import { withSearchParamsPersist } from '@reatom/url'
export const pageAtom = reatomNumber(0, 'pageAtom').pipe(
withSearchParamsPersist('page', (page = '1') => Number(page)),

Now you have handy increment and decrement actions in pageAtom and synchronization with “page” search parameter.

Also, both searchParamsAtom.lens and withSearchParamsPersist accepts options object by the second argument, which you can use to specify replace strategy (false by default).

import qs from 'qs'
import { atom } from '@reatom/core'
import { withSearchParamsPersist } from '@reatom/url'
export const filtersAtom = atom<Filters>({}, 'filtersAtom').pipe(
withSearchParamsPersist('filter', {
replace: true,
parse: (v = '') => qs.parse(v, { arrayFormat: 'bracket' }),
serialize: (v) => qs.stringify(v, { arrayFormat: 'bracket' }),



Here are the types of the key features.

// used by `urlAtom`
export interface UrlAtom extends Atom<URL> {
(ctx: Ctx, url: URL, replace?: boolean): URL
(ctx: Ctx, update: (url: URL, ctx: Ctx) => URL, replace?: boolean): URL
go: Action<[path: string, replace?: boolean], URL>
settingsAtom: AtomMut<AtomUrlSettings>
// used by `searchParamsAtom`
export interface SearchParamsAtom extends Atom<Rec<string>> {
set: Action<[key: string, value: string, replace?: boolean], void>
del: Action<[key: string, replace?: boolean], void>
/** create AtomMut which will synced with the specified query parameter */
lens<T = string>(
key: string,
parse?: (value?: string) => T,
serialize?: (value: T) => undefined | string,
): AtomMut<T>
/** create AtomMut which will synced with the specified query parameter */
lens<T = string>(
key: string,
options: {
parse?: (value?: string) => T
serialize?: (value: T) => undefined | string
replace?: boolean
): AtomMut<T>



When urlAtom is first read (directly or indirectly through searchParamsAtom), a subscription to the popstate event and interception of the document.body click appears. If you don’t want to handle and prevent link clicks, you could call setupUrlAtomBrowserSettings(ctx, /* shouldCatchLinkClick: */false) action.

If you need to run your code in a different environment (unit tests or SSR) you could replace the url handling behavior by calling setupUrlAtomSettings action with a function for getting URL (init parameter) and optional sync parameter for subscription to URL change.

// a server handler
export const handler = async (req) => {
const ctx = createCtx()
const url = new URL(req.url!, `http://${}`)
setupUrlAtomSettings(ctx, () => url)
// do your stuff...



By default urlAtom uses window.location as the source of truth (SoT). But if you using any other router manager, you should setup reactive integrations by yourself, as the native location API is not reactive and can’t be used as the SoT.

To put the new URL from the the source of truth to urlAtom you should always use updateFromSource action, because only this updates will not be synced back and it will help you to prevent cyclic stack.

Here is the example of integration with Put this component in the top of your application tree (as a child of RR provider and Reatom provider)!

You could play with it in Tanstack VS Reatom example

import React from 'react'
import { useLocation, useNavigate } from 'react-router-dom'
import { useCtx } from '@reatom/npm-react'
import { updateFromSource, urlAtom } from '@reatom/url'
export const RouterSync = () => {
const ctx = useCtx()
const setupRef = React.useRef(false)
// subscribe to location changes
if (ctx.get(urlAtom).href !== location.href && setupRef.current) {
// do not use `useEffect` to prevent race conditions (`urlAtom` reading during the render)
updateFromSource(ctx, new URL(location.href))
const navigate = useNavigate()
if (!setupRef.current) {
setupRef.current = true
urlAtom.settingsAtom(ctx, {
init: () => new URL(location.href),
sync: (_ctx, url, replace) =>
navigate(url.pathname +, { replace }),
// trigger `onChange` hooks.
urlAtom(ctx, new URL(location.href))
return null

The warning Cannot update a component while rendering a different component ("RouterSync") is ok, there are no way to write it in another way and fix it, as the Router.subscribe method is deprecated.